In the first place, before food creation even starts, normal living spaces and biological systems are annihilated to clear land that will be utilized for farming. One of the main causes of population decline among wildlife is habitat loss. At the point when trees are chopped down to account for farmland, nearby species who endure should move to discover new homes. This sort of deforestation is known as ‘land-use change’, and is a gigantic supporter of environmental change, as timberlands are significant carbon sinks that eliminate ozone harming substances from the air. These are the effects before food production and when the production of food starts, there are other effects that affect different factors of the environment.
Use of fertilizers in Agriculture
When the land has been cleared, it should be prepared to develop a lot of food. For the fulfillment of this purpose different chemicals and fertilizers are used. Different herbicides are offered to land for the prevention of the growth of unwanted plants that usually steal minerals and other nutrients from the soil. Fertilizers are used to enhance land productivity by providing different nutrients to the soil.
Barren or less fertile soils need more amounts of fertilizers to give good production. Usage of fertilizers, herbicides, and pesticides in large amounts causes harm to the environment.
They are very harmful to our bodies when organisms are exposed to high quantities. Methods used for their application to crops prevent themselves from accumulating on food in toxic quantities, they are difficult to digest for our bodies and due to bio-accumulation, they can cause health hazards.
The second reason behind the unsustainability of using artificial fertilizers is that they are very energy-intensive to produce, and are dependent heavily on cheap fossil fuels. As we know that greenhouse gases are emitted by fossil fuels and the production of these compounds contributes greatly to make a change in the climate. In conventional agriculture, fossil fuels are normally used to fuel farm machinery and equipment like tractors, and graders. Emitted air pollutants by the equipment play a great role in climate change and are affecting the health of organisms.
Methane gas, which is a major greenhouse gas, released from livestock affects the climate greatly.
After-effects of food production
The environmental damage of food manufacturing from traditional agriculture isn’t always limited to deforestation and pollutants associated with crop growth. Harvesting the crop represents an extensive quantity of nutrients, water, and strength being taken from the land. This leaves the land barren, and unfriendly for the growth and development of new organisms and ecosystems.
Monocultures’ are the areas of land in which a single crop is grown, like wheat. They may be specifically negative to soils because plants are affected by plants differently. By planting different crops together, the soil becomes improve and stays fertile. While due to monocultures soil can not stay healthy and nutritious.
Wastes from food
Eventually, after the food (crops) has been grown and transported and prepared for consumption, it harms the surroundings one ultimate time via wasted food. Food is wasted during the entire production chain; from initial crop increase to grocery store screening, to final household intake. Meals waste includes meals scraps, discarded meals, and uneaten food.
Facts about food wastage:
One-third of the food that is produced globally is being wasted every year.