08 Jun

Milk is one of the great wonders of nature observed as an almost complete food as it is an excellent source of fat, protein, and major minerals. Moreover, milk and its products are the main ingredients of a daily diet, especially for sensitive groups such as school-age children (growing age) and old age. Milk is one of the most vital nutrition food sources besides breast milk for babies and infants. Indeed, utilization of dairy products has been connected to medical advantages recently that are the immediate and absolute opposites of sicknesses.

Dairy products have great importance in the Human diet and they are proved beneficial for human consumption. The importance of milk can be determined by the fact that it is only the milk that turns a weak infant into a healthy boy. Milk and its products (dairy products) have been used since so far.

 


Photo by Anita Jankovic on Unsplash

Dairy Products and their role in diet

Dairy products or milk products are the items that are made from the milk of mammals, most commonly cattle, buffalo, goat, sheep, and camel. Dairy products include:

  • Butter
  • Cheese
  • Ice-cream
  • Yogurt
  • Condensed and skimmed milk

Dairy foods and constituents of milk play a pivotal role in nutrition provision and cultural role in the daily diets of people around the world. Dairy products provide magnificent benefits to people of all ages.

Especially:

  • Dairy products and dairy-containing foods contain many essential nutrients including Calcium, Protein, Vitamin A, vitamin D, vitamin B12, Niacin, riboflavin, phosphorus, potassium, and magnesium
  • Cheese, Milk, Butter, and yogurt are the most important and recommended items in the diet patterns of people around the globe.
  • Milk ingredients like whey and casein protein carry healthful diets and are present in dairy-based beverages, flavored milk, nutrition, shakes, and energy bars.

Essential Nutrients in Dairy

Professionals highlight that dairy is the best way to help people across the globe to meet the needs of the body for magnesium, calcium, selenium, vitamin B2, vitamin B12, and pantothenic acid.

Dairy’s supplement-rich bundle is perceived and suggested across the globe as a significant piece of balanced, solid eating regimens. Butter, cheese, and yogurt are important dairy products to meet the needs people’s nutrition requirements. Milk is the main food hotspot for calcium, Vit D, and potassium in the weight control plans of grown-ups and kids; Moreover, cheese is the food wellspring of calcium, after milk.

 Serving of one glass of milk also meets the daily requirements and needs for the nutrients listed below:

  • Calcium (25%): Assists in building and maintaining strong bones and teeth
  • Potassium (8%): responsible for maintaining fluid balance and assists in keeping blood pressure normal
  • Phosphorus (20%): makes the bones strong
  • Riboflavin (35%): Helps in the growth of the body, production of red blood cell, and body metabolism
  • Vitamin D (15%): Helps promote the absorption of calcium
  • Pantothenic Acid (20%): aids in the conversion of food into energy in the form of ATP
  • Vitamin A (15%): avoids night blindness and promotes healthy vision and fresh skin
  • Vitamin B3 (10%): a multi-vitamin that keeps the nervous, digestive, and circulatory system healthy.

Which proves that milk is one of the most nutritious foods for mankind.

Health benefits of Dairy-remedy of Bone problems

Today, there are many people around the globe, who are suffering from osteoporosis and many others who are at risk of developing the condition. Women are four times more susceptible to develop the disease, older men may also develop the disease. More research is required to understand the vital role of dietary protein on bone health. Studies showed that protein and calcium in milk might play a pivotal role in bone health and density, thus decreasing the risk for osteoporosis. Multiple times serving of low-fat or fat-free dairy give fundamental supplements that cooperate to fabricate solid bones.

Researchers have also found:

  •  Women after menopause who consume a diet low in calcium and protein are at greater risk of osteoporotic fractures
  • In most observational studies, diets low in protein may reduce intestinal calcium absorption and are related to the reduced mass of bone
  • Eating foods enriched with calcium and protein are proved as a good remedy to bone problems, especially osteoporosis

Dry milk products

Milk and its by-products are often dried to increase shelf life, lessen their weight, and make shipping easier by providing a more functional and handy form as an element for other foods. In addition to skimmed and whole milk, many other useful dairy products are also dried.

Including:

  • Butter-milk
  • Malted-milk  
  • Powdered Butter 
  • Cheese
  • Sweet cream
  • Ice-cream
  • Whey
  • Cream for coffee
  • Dehydrated cheese products

Butter

Butter is the most highly concentrated form of liquid milk. To produce one kilogram of butter 20 liters of milk are needed. At the end of this process, approximately 18 liters of skim milk and buttermilk are left behind, which were disposed of as animal feed or waste at one time.  But today the skim portion has significantly expanded in value and is completely used in different products.

 Butter at the commercial level contains

  • 80–82 percent milk fat
  • 16–17 percent water
  •  1–2 percent milk solids

Butter in diet

It’s enriched with supplements like bone-building calcium and contains compounds connected to bring down odds of obesity. Margarine can also be essential for a low-starch diet, which may help out individuals with bettering their weight or get more fit faster than they would with a low-fat eating regimen.

Yogurt


Photo by Evan Reimer on Unsplash

Yogurt is made in the same way as butter but it requires different microorganisms and temperatures. It is made by the process of

fermentation aided by yeast and bacteria that are added in milk at a specific temperature.

Yogurt in diet

Yogurt contains some vital nutrients for sustaining bone health and strength. These nutrients are protein, calcium, potassium, phosphorus, and vitamin D. All these minerals and vitamins are very important and helpful for preventing osteoporosis.

Cheese

Cheese is a dairy item, attained from milk and created in a wide range of flavors, surfaces, and structures by coagulation of the milk protein casein. It includes proteins and fat from milk, typically the milk of cows, sheep, buffaloes, or goats.

Cheese in diet

Cheddar is a fantastic source of nutrients and minerals. It is full of protein, calcium, and a few different supplements. Eating cheddar may even guide weight reduction and helps in avoiding coronary illness and osteoporosis.

Conclusion

Milk is the most vital part of the human diet, rich in nutrients that help in avoiding different diseases.  Many of the elements found in milk may have a protective and defensive impact against the beginning of infection or disease that occurs as a result of overweight and obesity. Several components found in milk could be sort and use in special applications for individuals that cannot consume dairy and are lactose intolerant.

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