Mosquito is one of the most dangerous and lethal species in the world. They kill about 725,000 people each year which is more than deaths from snakes, sharks, crocodiles, and lions combined, makes mosquitoes the deadliest animal. Malaria is the most fatal disease carried by mosquitoes and has killed people more than any other disease. There are more than 3000 species of mosquitos in the world except for the continent Antarctica.
Declaration of WHO:
According to the announcement made by World Health Organization, China was formally liberated from malarial infections on Wednesday – making it the principal country in the Western Pacific to eliminate the perilous infection in more than 30 years.
Malaria, a disease caused by female mosquito bites containing plasmodium, kills 400,000 people a year worldwide, many children under the age of five, according to the WHO. No malaria vaccine has been licensed in the market – although the number of people seeking vaccines is still increasing, and one has shown unprecedented levels of performance in tests this year.
The incidence of malaria in China has been on the decline since the turn of the century. In 2020, after reporting for four consecutive years of no traditional cases, China applied for an official WHO certification of malaria control that was issued this week.
Words of Director-General, WHO
“Today we congratulate the Chinese people on eradicating malaria,” WHO Director-General Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus said in a statement on Wednesday. “Their success was hardly achieved and came only after decades of targeted and sustainable action. After this declaration, China joins the catalog of an expanding number of nations that show the world that a future free from malaria is a genuine objective.” Emerging as an effective malaria vaccine raises hopes of controlling the disease. There are 40 countries and territories around the world that have been declared free of malaria. The only other countries in the West Pacific with such a mandate are Australia, Singapore, and Brunei, the WHO said.
Malaria as a major problem of China
Malaria was a major problem in China during the 1940s, with an estimated 30 million people annually. Authorities began working to curb the spread of malaria in the 1950s by taking antiretroviral drugs and controlling mosquito breeding grounds.
The problem was so great that Communist troops fighting in the mosquito-infested forests of Vietnam lost more soldiers because of malaria than bullets. To discover an answer, Chairman of Chinese Communist Party Mao Zedong dispatched a mysterious military mission stamped “Task 523” in 1967, during the Cultural Revolution. Scientist Tu Youyou was part of this secret project, and he consulted ancient manuscripts and manuscripts for clues, finally compiling 2,000 potential solutions. After minimizing and testing individual mice, he found an area that reduced the number of malaria parasites in the blood of rats – a finding that led to the drug artemisinin, the best human protection against the disease to date. In 2015, he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Medicine.
Although China is said to be free of malaria, the disease could return, the WHO has warned – or added that the country has a strong malaria control and control program in place to prevent the spread of the disease.